Few would disagree that in combatting serious anthropogenic ecological problems, such as climate change, public policy development should be informed by the best available scientific information. However, with the vast volume of information now available through multiple communication methods and with public resources constrained by current austerity measures, an urgent need exists to understand and strengthen the channels by which scientific information reaches policy- and decision-makers.
Science, Information, and Policy Interface for Effective Coastal and Ocean Management is a timely publication in the midst of this period of crisis and opportunity. This volume is the first to focus exclusively on the role of scientific information in the development of coastal and ocean policy and management of the oceans.
About the Authors
Bertrum H. MacDonald, Suzuette S. Soomai, Elizabeth M. De Santo, and Peter G. Wells, of the Environmental Information: Use and Influence Research Program (EIUI) at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada, are the editors. Since 2004, EIUI has partnered with governments in Canada, in addition to NGOs and international inter-governmental organizations, to investigate the role that scientific information plays in the development and implementation of marine policy.
An international roster of over 30 practitioners and scholars contributed to this volume, representing multiple disciplines, including coastal zone management, fisheries management, information management, and public policy. This team combines the knowledge of leading researchers on science-policy interactions with the experience of practitioners at national, regional, and international levels of government. The text draws clear, practical lessons from the scholarly literature.
The book presents fundamental concepts and principles of the science-policy interface, which are illustrated in contemporary case studies.
Essential themes include:
The complexity of the pathways by which scientific infor-mation flows within and among organizations that set the context for policy and management decisions.
The significance of the processes by which information is generated and assembled to inform policy.
The necessity to produce information in styles and formats that are helpful to intended users.
The diversity of methods by which information can be used (or misused) in policy development.
For further information about this book and EIUI’s work, visit www.eiui.ca. Direct inquiries can be sent to email@example.com.
The book identifies major challenges facing researchers and practitioners wanting to improve the processes of evidence-based decision-making, including the need to:
Develop policy solutions to balance trade-offs between evidentiary, political, and economic imperatives.
Enhance knowledge sharing and information management processes to ensure that decision makers access the relevant information.
Improve the reliability of scientific information presented to policymakers.
Understand and effectively communicate the consequences of inaction on environmental issues.
Encourage interdisciplinary approaches, that include information management, in the practice and study of integrated coastal and ocean management.
Published by CRC Press (Taylor & Francis), 6 May 2016
eBook ISBN: 978-1-4987-3171-3
Science, Information, and Policy Interface for
Effective Coastal and Ocean Management
Section I. Introduction
1. Introduction – B. H. MacDonald, S. S. Soomai, E. M. De Santo, and P. G. Wells
2. Understanding the Science-Policy Interface in Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management – B. H. MacDonald, S. S. Soomai, E. M. De Santo, and P. G. Wells
Section II. Fundamental Concepts and Principles
3. Exploring the Role of Science in Coastal and Ocean Management: A Review – Brian Coffey and Kevin O’Toole
4. Science Information and Global Ocean Governance – Jake Rice
5. Risk Refined at the Science-Policy Interface: The International Risk Governance Framework Applied to Different Classes of Coastal Zone Risks – Kevin Quigley and Kate Porter
6. Governing the Marine Environment through Information: Fisheries, Shipping, and Tourism – Hilde M. Toonen and Arthur P. J. Mol
7. Inducing Better Stakeholder Searches for Environmental Information Relevant to Coastal Conservation – Diana L. Ascher and William Ascher
8. When Scientific Uncertainty Is in the Eye of the Beholder: Using Network Analysis to Understand the Building of Trust in Science – Troy W. Hartley
9. Designing Usable Environmental Research – Elizabeth C. McNie, Angela Bednarek, Ryan Meyer, and Adam Parris
10. The Balancing Act of Science in Public Policy – Peter Gluckman and Kristiann Allen
11. Measuring Awareness, Use, and Influence of Information: Where Theory Meets Practice – S. S. Soomai, P. G. Wells, B. H. MacDonald, E. M. De Santo, and Anatoliy Gruzd
Section III. Case Studies
12. What Do Users Want from a State of the Environment Report? A Case Study of Awareness and Use of Canada’s State of the Scotian Shelf Report – James D. Ross and Heather Breeze
13. The Environmental Effects of Ocean Shipping and the Science-Policy Interface – Elizabeth R. DeSombre
14. Just Evidence: Opening Health Knowledge to a Parliament of Evidence – Janice E. Graham and Mavis Jones
15. Information Matters: The Influence of the Atlantic Coastal Zone Information Steering Committee on Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management in Atlantic Canada – Andrew G. Sherin and Alexi Baccardax Westcott
16. A Career-Based Perspective of Science-Policy Linkages in Environment Canada: The Role of Information in Managing Human Activities in Our Ocean Spaces – Peter G. Wells
17. Bridging the Science-Policy Divide to Promote Fisheries Knowledge for All: The Case of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations – Lahsen Ababouch, Marc Taconet, Julian Plummer, Luca Garibaldi, and Stefania Vannuccini
18. Informing and Improving Fisheries Management Outcomes: An Atlantic Canadian Large Pelagics Case Study by the Ecology Action Centre – Susanna D. Fuller, Kathryn E. Schleit, Heather J. Grant, and Shannon Arnold
Section IV. The Way Forward
19. Does Information Matter in ICOM? Critical Issues and the Path Forward – E. M. De Santo, S. S. Soomai, P. G. Wells, and B. H. MacDonald
Source: Book Flyer
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